Three-dimensional finite element analysis of thermomechanical behavior in flip-chip packages under temperature cycling conditions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Flip-chip packaging provides a high-performance low-cost approach for the development of electronic packages. A three-dimensional viscoelastic-plastic finite element analysis using the commercial software ANSYS has been performed to study the thermomechanical behavior in flip-chip assemblies, i.e., the four components, chip, solder ball, underfill, and substrate. The viscoelastic behavior of the underfill is modeled on the Maxwell constitutive equation while the viscoplastic behavior of the solder balls is modeled by the Anand model. Both the chip and the substrate are assumed to be elastic materials modeled by the Hooke's law. As in standard industry practice, temperature cycling from 125 to -55°C is used. Simulated thermomechanical behavior is presented for the solder balls. Subsequently, the effects of underfill-material properties, such as elasticity and coefficient of thermal expansion are also investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1895-1907
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites
Volume24
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Dec 27

Fingerprint

Soldering alloys
Finite element method
Substrates
Constitutive equations
Temperature
Thermal expansion
Elasticity
Materials properties
Packaging
Plastics
Costs
Industry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

@article{227b1787fb3740d2933c5f66f296ffcb,
title = "Three-dimensional finite element analysis of thermomechanical behavior in flip-chip packages under temperature cycling conditions",
abstract = "Flip-chip packaging provides a high-performance low-cost approach for the development of electronic packages. A three-dimensional viscoelastic-plastic finite element analysis using the commercial software ANSYS has been performed to study the thermomechanical behavior in flip-chip assemblies, i.e., the four components, chip, solder ball, underfill, and substrate. The viscoelastic behavior of the underfill is modeled on the Maxwell constitutive equation while the viscoplastic behavior of the solder balls is modeled by the Anand model. Both the chip and the substrate are assumed to be elastic materials modeled by the Hooke's law. As in standard industry practice, temperature cycling from 125 to -55°C is used. Simulated thermomechanical behavior is presented for the solder balls. Subsequently, the effects of underfill-material properties, such as elasticity and coefficient of thermal expansion are also investigated.",
author = "Gien-Huang Wu and Tsein, {T. C.} and Shen-Haw Ju",
year = "2005",
month = "12",
day = "27",
doi = "10.1177/0731684405054333",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "1895--1907",
journal = "Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites",
issn = "0731-6844",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
number = "18",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Three-dimensional finite element analysis of thermomechanical behavior in flip-chip packages under temperature cycling conditions

AU - Wu, Gien-Huang

AU - Tsein, T. C.

AU - Ju, Shen-Haw

PY - 2005/12/27

Y1 - 2005/12/27

N2 - Flip-chip packaging provides a high-performance low-cost approach for the development of electronic packages. A three-dimensional viscoelastic-plastic finite element analysis using the commercial software ANSYS has been performed to study the thermomechanical behavior in flip-chip assemblies, i.e., the four components, chip, solder ball, underfill, and substrate. The viscoelastic behavior of the underfill is modeled on the Maxwell constitutive equation while the viscoplastic behavior of the solder balls is modeled by the Anand model. Both the chip and the substrate are assumed to be elastic materials modeled by the Hooke's law. As in standard industry practice, temperature cycling from 125 to -55°C is used. Simulated thermomechanical behavior is presented for the solder balls. Subsequently, the effects of underfill-material properties, such as elasticity and coefficient of thermal expansion are also investigated.

AB - Flip-chip packaging provides a high-performance low-cost approach for the development of electronic packages. A three-dimensional viscoelastic-plastic finite element analysis using the commercial software ANSYS has been performed to study the thermomechanical behavior in flip-chip assemblies, i.e., the four components, chip, solder ball, underfill, and substrate. The viscoelastic behavior of the underfill is modeled on the Maxwell constitutive equation while the viscoplastic behavior of the solder balls is modeled by the Anand model. Both the chip and the substrate are assumed to be elastic materials modeled by the Hooke's law. As in standard industry practice, temperature cycling from 125 to -55°C is used. Simulated thermomechanical behavior is presented for the solder balls. Subsequently, the effects of underfill-material properties, such as elasticity and coefficient of thermal expansion are also investigated.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=29144448268&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=29144448268&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0731684405054333

DO - 10.1177/0731684405054333

M3 - Article

VL - 24

SP - 1895

EP - 1907

JO - Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites

JF - Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites

SN - 0731-6844

IS - 18

ER -