Three-dimensional natural convection heat transfer of a liquid metal in a cavity

R. Viskanta, D. M. Kim, C. Gau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Citations (Scopus)


The paper describes a numerical algorithm for the solution of the steady-state Navier-Stokes equations in three dimensions for the problem of natural convection in a rectangular cavity as a result of differential side heating. Numerical results for two- and three-dimensional models are reported for a cavity filled with a low-Prandtl-number fluid. Supporting experiments using gallium as a working fluid are described. Measured temperatures are compared with predictions of the three-dimensional model. Agreement between data and predictions is only fair and reasons for the discrepancy are identified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)475-485
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1986 Mar

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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