Using mouse hippocampal slices, we studied the induction of depotentiation of long-term potentiation (LTP) at the mossy fiber synapses onto CA3 pyramidal neurons. A long train of low-frequency (1 Hz/900 pulses) stimulation (LFS) induced a long-term depression of baseline synaptic transmission or depotentiation of previously established LTP, which was reversible and was independent of NMDA receptor activation. This LFS-induced depotentiation was observed when the stimulus was delivered 1 or 10 min after LTP induction. However, when LFS was applied at 30 min after induction, significantly less depotentiation was found. The induction of depotentiation on one input was associated with a heterosynaptic reverse of the LTP induced previously on a separate pathway. In addition, this LFS-induced depotentiation appeared to be mediated by the activation of group 2 metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs), because it was mimicked by the bath-applied group 2 agonist (2S,2′R,3′R)-2-(2′, 3′-dicarboxycyclopropyl) glycine and was specifically inhibited by the group 2 antagonists (S)α-methyl-4-carboxyphenylglycine and (αS)-α-camino-α-(1S,2S) 2-carboxycyclopropyl-9H-xanthine-9-propanic acid. Moreover, the induction of depotentiation was entirely normal when synaptic transmission is blocked by glutamate receptor antagonist kynurenic acid and was associated with a reversal of paired-pulse facilitation attenuation during LTP expression. Pretreatment of the hippocampal slices with Gi/o-protein inhibitor pertussis toxin (PTX) prevented the LFS-induced depotentiation. These results suggest that the activation of presynaptic group 2 mGluRs and in turn triggering a PTX-sensitive Gi/o-protein-coupled signaling cascade may contribute to the LFS-induced depotentiation at the mossy fiber-CA3 synapses.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Neuroscience|
|Publication status||Published - 2001 Jun 1|
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