In this paper, a cocktail approach is proposed to delicately integrate the two conventional countermeasures, i.e., the fractional pilot reuse and time-shifted pilots (TSP) schemes, for the pilot contamination problem in the full-duplex massive multiple-input multiple-output system. Specifically, the TSP scheme is applied to duplicate for the inner and edge regions of a cell such that the number of accommodated users can be doubled. To achieve this, the base station should operate in the full-duplex mode; also, the pilot symbols rather than the pilot sequences are used to attain the user diversity gain. The simulation results verify the accuracy of the numerical analysis and the remarkably boosted sum rate for both the downlink and uplink cases.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Automotive Engineering
- Aerospace Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Applied Mathematics