Tip-Pressure-Induced Incoherent Energy Gap in CaFe2As2

Jia Xin Yin, Ji Hui Wang, Zheng Wu, Ang Li, Xue Jin Liang, Han Qing Mao, Gen Fu Chen, Bing Lv, Ching Wu Chu, Hong Ding, Shu Heng Pan

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3 Citations (Scopus)


In CaFe2As2, superconductivity can be achieved by applying a modest C-axis pressure of several kbar. Here we use scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy (STM/S) to explore the STM tip pressure effect on single crystals of CaFe2As2. When performing STM/S measurements, the tip-sample interaction can be controlled to act repulsive with reduction of the junction resistance, thus to apply a tip pressure on the sample. We find that an incoherent energy gap emerges at the Fermi level in the differential conductance spectrum when the tip pressure is increased. This energy gap is of the similar order of magnitude as the superconducting gap in the chemical doped compound Ca0.4Na0.6Fe2As2 and disappears at the temperature well below that of the bulk magnetic ordering. Moreover, we also observe the rhombic distortion of the As lattice, which agrees with the orthorhombic distortion of the underlying Fe lattice. These findings suggest that the STM tip pressure can induce the local Cooper pairing in the orthorhombic phase of CaFe2As2.

Original languageEnglish
Article number067401
JournalChinese Physics Letters
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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