Titania Nanotubes Decorated with Zn-Doped Titania Nanoparticles as the Photoanode Electrode of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

H. Mokarami Ghartavol, A. Afshar, M. R. Mohammadi, F. Chau-Nan Hong, Yeau Ren Jeng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We decorated Zn-doped TiO2-nanoparticle-based photoanodes with carbon nanotube (CNT)-derived TiO2 nanotubes (TNs) to enhance the power conversion efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis verified that Zn ions, in the range of 0 to 1 at %, were successfully doped into the TiO2 lattice. Field-emission SEM and TEM images of the TNs, as derived from the sol–gel template-assisted route, revealed that a uniform TiO2 coating with a thickness of 60 to 120 nm was deposited on the surface of the CNT template through a noncovalent route. We observed that the cell efficiency improved from 6.80 for pure TiO2 to 7.52 for 0.75 at % Zn-doped TiO2 nanoparticles due to a reduction in charge recombination and enhancement in electron injection, as confirmed by using photoluminescence spectroscopy. Further improvements in the efficiency of up to 8.47 % were achieved by the incorporation of 5 wt % TNs into the Zn-doped TiO2 photoanodes, as a result of enhancements in electron transport and light scattering, which was verified by using diffuse reflectance spectroscopy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1571-1578
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy Technology
Volume5
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sep

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Titania Nanotubes Decorated with Zn-Doped Titania Nanoparticles as the Photoanode Electrode of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this