To complete its replication cycle, a shrimp virus changes the population of long chain fatty acids during infection via the PI3K-Akt-mTOR-HIF1α pathway

Yun Chieh Hsieh, Yi Min Chen, Chun Yuan Li, Yu Han Chang, Suh Yuen Liang, Shu Yu Lin, Chang Yi Lin, Sheng Hsiung Chang, Yi Jan Wang, Kay Hooi Khoo, Takashi Aoki, Han Ching Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

White spot syndrome virus (WSSV), the causative agent of white spot disease (WSD), is a serious and aggressive shrimp viral pathogen with a worldwide distribution. At the genome replication stage (12 hpi), WSSV induces a metabolic rerouting known as the invertebrate Warburg effect, which boosts the availability of energy and biosynthetic building blocks in the host cell. Here we show that unlike the lipogenesis that is seen in cancer cells that are undergoing the Warburg effect, at 12 hpi, all of the long chain fatty acids (LCFAs) were significantly decreased in the stomach cells of WSSV-infected shrimp. By means of this non-selective WSSV-induced lipolysis, the LCFAs were apparently diverted into β-oxidation and used to replenish the TCA cycle. Conversely, at 24 hpi, when the Warburg effect had ceased, most of the LCFAs were significantly up-regulated and the composition was also significantly altered. In crayfish these changes were in a direction that appeared to favor the formation of WSSV virion particles. We also found that, at 24 hpi, but not at 12 hpi, the PI3K-Akt-mTOR-HIF1α pathway induced the expression of fatty acid synthase (FAS), an enzyme which catalyzes the conversion of acetyl-CoA into LCFAs. WSSV virion formation was impaired in the presence of the FAS inhibitor C75, although viral gene and viral DNA levels were unaffected. WSSV therefore appears to use the PI3K-Akt-mTOR pathway to induce lipid biosynthesis at 24 hpi in order to support viral morphogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-95
Number of pages11
JournalDevelopmental and Comparative Immunology
Volume53
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology
  • Developmental Biology

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