Tonal effects on voice onset time: Stops in Mandarin and Hakka

Jui Feng Peng, Li-Mei Chen, Yi Yun Lin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This study examines the influence of lexical tone upon voice onset time (VOT) in Mandarin and Hakka. Examination of VOT values for Mandarin and Hakka word-initial stops /p, t, k, ph, th, kh/ followed by three vowels /i, u, a/ in different lexical tones revealed that lexical tone has a significant influence on the VOTs. The result is important because it suggests that future studies should take its influence into account when studying VOT values for stops in tonal languages. In Mandarin, stops' VOTs, ordering from the longest to the shortest, are in Tone 2, Tone 3, Tone 1, and Tone 4: this sequence is the same as Liu, Ng, Wan, Wang, and Zhang's (2008) [1] results. However, later it was found that the sequence results from the existence of non-words. Because in order to produce non-words correctly, participants tended to pronounce them at a lower speed, especially those in Tone 2. Therefore, we further examined the data without non-words, in which no clear sequence had been found. For Hakka, Post hoc tests (Scheffe) show that aspirated stops in Tones 4 and 8 have significantly shorter VOT values than they have in other tones.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 21st Conference on Computational Linguistics and Speech Processing, ROCLING 2009
Pages115-123
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Event21st Conference on Computational Linguistics and Speech Processing, ROCLING 2009 - Taichung, Taiwan
Duration: 2009 Sep 12009 Sep 2

Other

Other21st Conference on Computational Linguistics and Speech Processing, ROCLING 2009
CountryTaiwan
CityTaichung
Period09-09-0109-09-02

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Speech and Hearing

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