The utilization of multiple small-sized automated ground vehicles (AGVs) with omnidirectional movement for cooperative transportation of large objects in manufacturing and logistics is a growing area of research. Utilizing multiple AGVs can improve system flexibility and efficiency compared to using a single large AGV, particularly in clustered and narrow spaces. This study presents a control framework for multiple AGVs to cooperatively transport an object in a cluster environment. The framework utilizes the rapidly-exploring random tree (RRT∗) algorithm to plan a feasible path through the environment, and a new distributed synchronization control algorithm for each AGV to track its desired trajectory and synchronize with its neighbors. The proposed control framework can be applied in cases with time-varying communication delays and networks with directed spanning tree connections, making it more versatile than existing synchronization control methods. Simulation and experimental results are provided to validate the proposed framework.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Applied Mathematics