Towards the design and implementation of an image-based navigation system of an autonomous underwater vehicle combining a color recognition technique and a fuzzy logic controller

Yu Hsien Lin, Chao Ming Yu, Chia Yu Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study proposes the development of an underwater object-tracking control system through an image-processing technique. It is used for the close-range recognition and dynamic tracking of autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) with an auxiliary light source for image processing. The image-processing technique includes color space conversion, target and background separation with binarization, noise removal with image filters, and image morphology. The image-recognition results become more complete through the aforementioned process. After the image information is obtained for the underwater object, the image area and coordinates are further adopted as the input values of the fuzzy logic controller (FLC) to calculate the rudder angle of the servomotor, and the propeller revolution speed is defined using the image information. The aforementioned experiments were all conducted in a stability water tank. Subsequently, the FLC was combined with an extended Kalman filter (EKF) for further dynamic experiments in a towing tank. Specifically, the EKF predicts new coordinates according to the original coordinates of an object to resolve data insufficiency. Consequently, several tests with moving speeds from 0.2 m/s to 0.8 m/s were analyzed to observe the changes in the rudder angles and the sensitivity of the propeller revolution speed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4053
JournalSensors
Volume21
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jun 2

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Information Systems
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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