The intermediate and deep waters of the Pacific Ocean play a crucial role for regulating global climate changes on the millennium timescale. However, due to poor preservation of carbonate sediments in the deep Pacific, little attention has been received to better understand deep ocean circulation and its relationship with abrupt climate events. Here we present the first authigenic Nd isotope (εNd) record extracted from Fe-Mn oxyhydroxides of the South China Sea (SCS) sediments (SO17940-2, 1727m water depth) in order to investigate changes of intermediate and deep-water circulations in the Pacific Ocean since the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM).In general, the seawater εNd record extracted from the SCS sediments paralleled the existing Nd isotopes of fish teeth/debris from the eastern North Pacific core during the last deglaciation, demonstrating that our authigenic εNd can faithfully record the seawater εNd evolution in the deep Pacific Ocean. At the onset of the deglacial period, our data exhibit a clear negative shift in εNd towards a gradually increased component of Antarctica Intermediate Water (AAIW) and reached a maximal influx during the mid Heinrich Stadial 1 (HS1, ~16kyr BP). Between the HS1 and Younger Dryas, deep-water circulation gradually shifted back to the modern condition during the Bølling-Allerød warm interval. A pronounced negative εNd excursion had occurred during the Pre-Boreal (PB), suggesting a rapid reorganization of deep-water ventilation in the Pacific Ocean and was predominated by AAIW. This is most likely due to poor ventilation in the western North Pacific associated with an intensified summer monsoon during the PB-early Holocene warm period. After the PB period, the seawater εNd values were once again dominated by Pacific Deep Water at the study site.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Earth-Surface Processes