Tramadol relieves thermal hyperalgesia in rats with chronic constriction injury of the sciatic nerve

Yu Chuan Tsai, Yen Hui Sung, Pei Jung Chang, Fu Chi Kang, Koung Shing Chu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study was designed to test whether tramadol is effective in the control of neuropathic pain in rats. Chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve was induced over the left hind limb in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Identical surgery was performed on the opposite side except that the sciatic nerve was not ligated (sham surgery). Paw withdrawal latency (PWL) to heat was tested for each hind paw 1 day before surgery and on the 4th day after surgery to ensure the development of thermal hyperalgesia. In the acute treatment groups, saline or tramadol was administered subcutaneously at doses of 10, 20 or 30 mg/kg, and PWLs were measured 30, 60, 90, 120, 150 and 180 min after treatment. In the semi-chronic treatment groups, continuous systemic administration of tramadol 40 mg/kg/day or saline for 7 days was provided at a uniform rate via osmotic mini pumps. Tramadol reversed PWL in a dose-dependent manner in the acute treatment groups. PWLs were significantly reversed at 2 days after tramadol infusion, and this effect was sustained throughout the remainder of the treatment period in comparison with the saline group. Tramadol also resulted in a decreased sensitivity to thermal stimulus on the sham limb both in acute and semi-chronic administration. We conclude that both acute and semi-chronic tramadol treatment relieves thermal hyperalgesia effectively in rats with CCI of the sciatic nerve. This indicates that tramadol shows promise as a potential treatment for relief of neuropathic pain in humans. (C) 2000 Editions scientifiques et medicales Elsevier SAS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-340
Number of pages6
JournalFundamental and Clinical Pharmacology
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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