Herein, GSH-sensitive hyaluronic acid-poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (HA-SS-PLGA) was synthesized. Surface modification of PLGA with hyaluronic acid produced a highly stable micelle at physiological pH while a micelle was destabilized at a higher GSH level. Fluorescence micros-copy results showed that rhodamine-encapsulated micelle was taken up by brain cancer cells, while competitive inhibition was observed in the presence of free HA and free transferrin. In vitro cyto-toxicity results revealed that transferrin-targeted nanoformulated AUY922 (TF-NP-AUY922) shows higher cytotoxicity than either free AUY922 or non-targeted AUY922-loaded micelles (NP-AUY922). In comparison to the control groups, free AUY922, TF-NP-AUY922 or NP-AUY922 treatment revealed the upregulation of HSP70, while the expression of HSP90 client proteins was sim-ultaneously depleted. In addition, the treatment group induced caspase-dependent PARP cleavage and the upregulation of p53 expression, which plays a key role in apoptosis of brain cancer cells. In vivo and ex vivo biodistribution studies showed that cypate-loaded micelle was taken up and accu-mulated in the tumor regions. Furthermore, in vivo therapeutic efficacy studies revealed that the AUY922-loaded micelle significantly suppressed tumor growth in comparison to the free AUY922, or control groups using tumor-bearing NOD-SCID mice. Moreover, biochemical index and histo-logical analysis revealed synthesized micelle does not show any significant cytotoxicity to the selected major organs. Overall, a synthesized micelle is the best carrier for AUY922 to enhance the therapeutic efficiency of brain cancer.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research