Transient gasification and syngas formation from coal particles in a fixed-bed reactor

Wei-Hsin Chen, Jeng Chung Chen, Ching Da Tsai, Tsung-Leo Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An experimental investigation on gasification and syngas formation from coal particles in a fixed-bed reactor is conducted; particular attention is paid to the transient reaction dynamics. Three different coals, including two high-volatile coals and a low-volatile coal, are taken into consideration. In the initial reaction period, a two-stage reaction is clearly observed; specifically, an exothermic reaction followed by an endothermic reaction is exhibited. Meanwhile, seeing that the devolatilization and pyrolysis reactions are pronounced, the initial concentrations of H2 and CH4 are relatively high, especially for the former. With increasing time, the interaction between coal and char particles is dominated by the latter, the concentrations of CO and CO2 thus become higher. From the observation of syngas combustion, the entire gasification intensity proceeds from intensified growth, rapid decay, and then to progressive decay with increasing reaction time. For the two high-volatile coals, the mass depletion is enhanced markedly once the reaction temperature is as high as 1000°C, whereas it is insensitive to the temperature for the low-volatile coal. Nevertheless, it is found that, based on the weights of moisture and volatile matter, their relative release ratio from the low-volatile coal is better than that from the high-volatile coals. This implies that the final devolatilization and pyrolysis extent is not determined by coal grade.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)895-911
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Energy Research
Volume31
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jul 1

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Gasification
Coal
Pyrolysis
Exothermic reactions
Moisture
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

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abstract = "An experimental investigation on gasification and syngas formation from coal particles in a fixed-bed reactor is conducted; particular attention is paid to the transient reaction dynamics. Three different coals, including two high-volatile coals and a low-volatile coal, are taken into consideration. In the initial reaction period, a two-stage reaction is clearly observed; specifically, an exothermic reaction followed by an endothermic reaction is exhibited. Meanwhile, seeing that the devolatilization and pyrolysis reactions are pronounced, the initial concentrations of H2 and CH4 are relatively high, especially for the former. With increasing time, the interaction between coal and char particles is dominated by the latter, the concentrations of CO and CO2 thus become higher. From the observation of syngas combustion, the entire gasification intensity proceeds from intensified growth, rapid decay, and then to progressive decay with increasing reaction time. For the two high-volatile coals, the mass depletion is enhanced markedly once the reaction temperature is as high as 1000°C, whereas it is insensitive to the temperature for the low-volatile coal. Nevertheless, it is found that, based on the weights of moisture and volatile matter, their relative release ratio from the low-volatile coal is better than that from the high-volatile coals. This implies that the final devolatilization and pyrolysis extent is not determined by coal grade.",
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Transient gasification and syngas formation from coal particles in a fixed-bed reactor. / Chen, Wei-Hsin; Chen, Jeng Chung; Tsai, Ching Da; Jiang, Tsung-Leo.

In: International Journal of Energy Research, Vol. 31, No. 9, 01.07.2007, p. 895-911.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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