Insulin has a wide variety of biological effects. One of them is a mitogen-like activity whereby cell proliferation is stimulated. In this study we found a heretofore unreported insulin-elicited transient apoptosis of glioma cells. When serum-starved glioma cells were fed with a fresh regular medium, in the 6- to 12-h post-starvation period, the growth rate as determined by cell number was significantly suppressed by insulin, although cell cycle progression and DNA synthesis were actually accelerated. Increase in apoptosis in those growth-retarded cultures was demonstrable by Hoechst staining, detection of histone-associated DNA fragment, and in situ cell death detection. Apoptosis occurred among cells in all stages of cell cycle. After 24 h post-starvation, insulin increased the total cell number like a typical growth-promoting mitogen. In this regard, IGF-1, but not EGF nor TGF-β1, behaved like insulin.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research|
|Publication status||Published - 1996 Nov 8|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology