Transport in the plateau regime in a tokamak pedestal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In a tokamak H-mode, a strong E × B flow shear is generated during the L-H transition. Turbulence in a pedestal is suppressed significantly by this E × B flow shear. In this case, neoclassical transport may become important. The neoclassical fluxes are calculated in the plateau regime with the parallel plasma flow using their kinetic definitions. In an axisymmetric tokamak, the neoclassical particles fluxes can be decomposed into the banana-plateau flux and the Pfirsch-Schlüter flux. The banana-plateau particle flux is driven by the parallel viscous force and the Pfirsch-Schlüter flux by the poloidal variation of the friction force. The combined quantity of the radial electric field and the parallel flow is determined by the flux surface averaged parallel momentum balance equation rather than requiring the ambipolarity of the total particle fluxes. In this process, the Pfirsch-Schlüter flux does not appear in the flux surface averaged parallel momentum equation. Only the banana-plateau flux is used to determine the parallel flow in the form of the flux surface averaged parallel viscosity. The heat flux, obtained using the solution of the parallel momentum balance equation, decreases exponentially in the presence of sonic M p without any enhancement over that in the standard neoclassical theory. Here, M p is a combination of the poloidal E × B flow and the parallel mass flow. The neoclassical bootstrap current in the plateau regime is presented. It indicates that the neoclassical bootstrap current also is related only to the banana-plateau fluxes. Finally, transport fluxes are calculated when M p is large enough to make the parallel electron viscosity comparable with the parallel ion viscosity. It is found that the bootstrap current has a finite value regardless of the magnitude of M p.

Original languageEnglish
Article number072512
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Volume19
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jul 1

Fingerprint

plateaus
flux (rate)
parallel flow
viscosity
momentum
shear flow
mass flow
magnetohydrodynamic flow
heat flux
friction
turbulence
electric fields
augmentation
kinetics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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abstract = "In a tokamak H-mode, a strong E × B flow shear is generated during the L-H transition. Turbulence in a pedestal is suppressed significantly by this E × B flow shear. In this case, neoclassical transport may become important. The neoclassical fluxes are calculated in the plateau regime with the parallel plasma flow using their kinetic definitions. In an axisymmetric tokamak, the neoclassical particles fluxes can be decomposed into the banana-plateau flux and the Pfirsch-Schl{\"u}ter flux. The banana-plateau particle flux is driven by the parallel viscous force and the Pfirsch-Schl{\"u}ter flux by the poloidal variation of the friction force. The combined quantity of the radial electric field and the parallel flow is determined by the flux surface averaged parallel momentum balance equation rather than requiring the ambipolarity of the total particle fluxes. In this process, the Pfirsch-Schl{\"u}ter flux does not appear in the flux surface averaged parallel momentum equation. Only the banana-plateau flux is used to determine the parallel flow in the form of the flux surface averaged parallel viscosity. The heat flux, obtained using the solution of the parallel momentum balance equation, decreases exponentially in the presence of sonic M p without any enhancement over that in the standard neoclassical theory. Here, M p is a combination of the poloidal E × B flow and the parallel mass flow. The neoclassical bootstrap current in the plateau regime is presented. It indicates that the neoclassical bootstrap current also is related only to the banana-plateau fluxes. Finally, transport fluxes are calculated when M p is large enough to make the parallel electron viscosity comparable with the parallel ion viscosity. It is found that the bootstrap current has a finite value regardless of the magnitude of M p.",
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Transport in the plateau regime in a tokamak pedestal. / Seol, J.; Shaing, Ker-Chung.

In: Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 19, No. 7, 072512, 01.07.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Shaing, Ker-Chung

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AB - In a tokamak H-mode, a strong E × B flow shear is generated during the L-H transition. Turbulence in a pedestal is suppressed significantly by this E × B flow shear. In this case, neoclassical transport may become important. The neoclassical fluxes are calculated in the plateau regime with the parallel plasma flow using their kinetic definitions. In an axisymmetric tokamak, the neoclassical particles fluxes can be decomposed into the banana-plateau flux and the Pfirsch-Schlüter flux. The banana-plateau particle flux is driven by the parallel viscous force and the Pfirsch-Schlüter flux by the poloidal variation of the friction force. The combined quantity of the radial electric field and the parallel flow is determined by the flux surface averaged parallel momentum balance equation rather than requiring the ambipolarity of the total particle fluxes. In this process, the Pfirsch-Schlüter flux does not appear in the flux surface averaged parallel momentum equation. Only the banana-plateau flux is used to determine the parallel flow in the form of the flux surface averaged parallel viscosity. The heat flux, obtained using the solution of the parallel momentum balance equation, decreases exponentially in the presence of sonic M p without any enhancement over that in the standard neoclassical theory. Here, M p is a combination of the poloidal E × B flow and the parallel mass flow. The neoclassical bootstrap current in the plateau regime is presented. It indicates that the neoclassical bootstrap current also is related only to the banana-plateau fluxes. Finally, transport fluxes are calculated when M p is large enough to make the parallel electron viscosity comparable with the parallel ion viscosity. It is found that the bootstrap current has a finite value regardless of the magnitude of M p.

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