The authors have carried out measurements of the electrical conductivity of single bismuth nanowires fabricated by the low energy electron beam lithography using the silver/silicon nanowire shadow masks. The examined nanowires had cross-sectional dimensions of 40×30 and 40×50 nm2. The chosen nanowire sizes had been slightly below the critical diameter D (∼50 nm) at which a semimetal to semiconductor phase transition was predicted to occur. The results reveal a semiconductorlike temperature dependence of the electrical conductivity of a bismuth nanowire, which is strikingly different from that of the bulk bismuth.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)