Aims Using the National Health Insurance (NHI) database in Taiwan, the study aimed to evaluate the rates and associated factors for reoperation of female stress incontinence. Methods Records of female patients who had received a primary surgical treatment for stress incontinence from January 2000 to December 2006 were retrieved. Among these, patients who had reoperations during follow-up till December 2010 were identified. The data were analyzed for reoperation rates, surgery methods, patient demography, surgeon, and hospital attributes. Results Among 14,613 patients with a mean follow-up of 86.28-±-26.76 months, 563 (3.85%) had reoperations, an incidence rate of 54.37 per 10,000 person year (PY). Injection procedures had the highest reoperation rate of 893.30/10,000 PY. The adjusted hazard ratio (HR) of reoperation was higher for mid-urethral sling when compared to pubovaginal sling (HR 1.54, 95% CI 1.16-2.05) or retropubic urethropexy including Burch operation (HR 1.30, 95% CI 1.04-1.61). Surgeons with high service volumes tended to have fewer reoperations. No correlations were noted between the reoperation rate with patient age, surgeon age/gender, year of operation and hospital status. However, urologists had higher reoperation rates than gynecologists. For repeat surgery, the majority of patients chose the same specialty but different surgical types. Mid-urethral sling was used most commonly in 48.85% of reoperations. Conclusions Substantial number of patients need reoperation for stress incontinence. The choice of primary surgery type and surgeon specialty may affect the reoperation rates. Mid-urethral sling is the most common reoperation choice.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology