Triple capacitance via the dehydration of saturated water from carboxylated chitosan bearing zwitterion electrolytes

Wei Cheng Li, Chen Hsueh Lin, Po Hsin Wang, Tsung Tien Cheng, Ten Chin Wen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Background: In the solid-state polymer electrolyte, the saturated water plays an role in increasing ionic conductivity but decreasing the electrochemical window. The water retention effect on zwitterionic polymer electrolyte is investigated in this study. Methods: Carboxylated chitosan (CCS) was subjected to oxa-Michael addition with sulfobetaine methacrylate (SBMA) to produce CCS-SBMA. Its structure was investigated by IR and 1H NMR and used the raman spectrum to observe three different types of water. CCS-SBMA electrolyte and carbon electrode were assembled into supercapacitor for electrochemical testing. Significant findings: CCS-SBMA was grafted 45.7% of sulfobetaine group via Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectra. During dehydration of saturated water from CCS-SBMA polymer electrolyte to 90% retention, the free water proportion decreased, and the bound water proportion increased via Raman spectra analysis. Accordingly, the electrochemical window increased from 1.6V to 2.05V with 10% dehydration of saturated water. Surprisingly, the supercapacitor performance with 90% water retention showed triple specific capacitance of 414.3F/g in comparison with 138.6F/g evaluated from galvanostatic charge-discharge analysis. In this study, CCS-SBMA bearing zwitterion was designed as polymer electrolyte to remain bound water proportion and enhance ion-dissociation during dehydration of saturated water for superior capacitance performance of solid-state supercapacitor.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104285
JournalJournal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers
Publication statusPublished - 2022 May

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


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