Semiconductor nanocrystals are key materials for achieving localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) excitation in the extended spectral ranges beyond visible light, which are critical wavelengths for chemical sensing, infrared detection, and telecommunications. Unlike metal nanoparticles which are already widely exploited in plasmonics, little is known about the near-field behavior of semiconductor nanocrystals. Near-field interactions are expected to vary greatly with nanocrystal carrier density and mobility, in addition to properties such as nanocrystal size, shape, and composition. Here we demonstrate near-field coupling between anisotropic disk-shaped nanocrystals composed of Cu2-xS, a degenerately doped semiconductor whose electronic properties can be modulated by Cu content. Assembling colloidal nanocrystals into mono- and multilayer films generates dipole-dipole LSPR coupling between neighboring nanodisks. We investigate nanodisks of varying crystal phases (Cu1.96S, Cu7.2S4, and CuS) and find that nanodisk orientation produces a dramatic change in the magnitude and polarization direction of the localized field generated by LSPR excitation. This study demonstrates the potential of semiconductor nanocrystals for the realization of low-cost, active, and tunable building blocks for infrared plasmonics and for the investigation of light-matter interactions at the nanoscale.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanical Engineering