Tungsten recovery from spent SCR catalyst using alkaline leaching and ion exchange

Wen Cheng Wu, Tang Yi Tsai, Yun Hwei Shen

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25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The recovery of tungsten (W) from a honeycomb-type spent selective catalytic reduction (SCR) catalyst using an alkaline leaching–ion exchange method was investigated. Spent SCR catalyst mainly consists of TiO2 and other oxides (6.37% W, 1.57% vanadium (V), and 2.81% silicon (Si), etc.). The ground catalyst was leached at the optimal conditions, as follows: NaOH concentration of 0.3 kg/kg of catalyst, pulp density of 3%, leaching temperature of 70 °C, particle size of −74 µm, and leaching time of 30 min. In this study, the leaching rate values of V andWunder the above conditions were 87 wt %, and 91 wt %, respectively. The pregnant solution was then passed through a strong base anion exchange resin (Amberlite IRA900). At high pH conditions, the use of strong base anion exchange resin led to selective loading of divalent WO42− from the solution, because the fraction of two adjacent positively-charged sites on the IRA900 resin was higher and separate from the coexisting VO43−. The adsorbed W could then be eluted with 1 M NaCl + 0.5 M NaOH. The final concentrated W solution had 8.4 g/L of W with 98% purity. The application of this process in industry is expected to have an important impact on the recovery of W from secondary sources of these metals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107
JournalMinerals
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Dec

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Geology

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