Two-Dimensional Titanium Carbide (MXene) as Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Substrate

Asia Sarycheva, Taron Makaryan, Kathleen Maleski, Elumalai Satheeshkumar, Armen Melikyan, Hayk Minassian, Masahiro Yoshimura, Yury Gogotsi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

181 Citations (Scopus)


Noble metal (gold or silver) nanoparticles or patterned films are typically used as substrates for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). Two-dimensional (2D) carbides and nitrides (MXenes) exhibit unique electronic and optical properties, including metallic conductivity and plasmon resonance in the visible or near-infrared range, making them promising candidates for a wide variety of applications. Herein, we show that 2D titanium carbide, Ti3C2Tx, enhances Raman signal from organic dyes on a substrate and in solution. As a proof of concept, MXene SERS substrates were manufactured by spray-coating and used to detect several common dyes, with calculated enhancement factors reaching ∼106. Titanium carbide MXene demonstrates SERS effect in aqueous colloidal solutions, suggesting the potential for biomedical or environmental applications, where MXene can selectively enhance positively charged molecules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19983-19988
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number36
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sep 14

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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