Previous studies have shown that myelin basic protein (MBP) is mitogenic for Schwann cells (SCs) in the presence of elevated intracellular cAMP. Two mitogenic regions of MBP have been identified: one mitogenic region within the first 44 residues of the aminoterminus (1–44) and the other mitogenic region within the terminal 15 residues of the carboxyl end of the molecule (152–167). Unlike the mitogenic effect of a myelin enriched fraction (MEF), the mitogenic effect of MBP was not reduced by the addition of the lysosomal inhibitor, ammonium chloride. These data indicate that MBP causes SC proliferation by direct interaction of MBP with a surface receptor. Using Scatchard analysis of the binding of MBP to SCs, we report that treatment with forskolin does not cause the upregulation of receptors for MBP. Moreover, MBP blocks the cross‐linking of 125I‐bFGF with two fibroblast growth factor (FGF) receptors having apparent molecular weights of 140 kDa and 120 kDa, respectively. Since neither TGF‐β nor PDGFBB displaced cell surface bound 125I‐MBP, we conclude that MBP binds to the FGF receptor rather than other growth factor receptors. Furthermore, only MBP1–44 interacted with ganglioside GM1, whereas MBP152–167 did not interact with this ganglioside. These results are consistent with the view that ganglioside GM1 mediates the mitogenic effects of MBP1–44, while the FGF receptor mediates the mitogenic effect of MBP152–67. Intracellular cAMP of SCs was transiently increased after the addition of macrophage conditioned medium, suggesting that macrophages may produce factors in vivo which can transiently elevate intracellular cAMP levels, allowing a wave of SC proliferation in response to MBP‐related mitogens. ©1995 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience