Primary cell cultures from the lymphoid organ of Penaeus monodon were used to investigate in vitro propagation and morphogenesis of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV). Double-strength Leibovitz's L15 supplemented with 20% fetal bovine serum, pH 7.5, with a final osmolarity of 530 ± 5 mOsm kg-1 was identified as the most suitable culture medium. In this medium, the lymphoid cells remained viable for more than 1 wk. Migrating cells were inoculated with WSSV, and the consequent cytopathic effects documented by light and electron microscopy. WSSV appears capable of following 2 alternative assembly sequences, one similar to the morphogenesis of the Oryctes rhinocerus virus and another which is more typical of baculoviral assembly. Possible relationships between WSSV, Oryctes virus, and baculoviruses are discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Aquatic Science