Underfill viscous flow between parallel plates and solder bumps

Wen-Bin Young, Wen Lin Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


Underfill is used to improve the reliability of the flip-chip interconnect systems. A conventional underfill is filled to the gap between the chip and substrate around the solder joints by the capillary flow. A modified Hele-Shaw flow, that considered the flow resistance in both the thickness direction and the restrictions between solder bumps, was used. This model estimates the flow resistance induced by the chip and substrate as well as the solder bumps, and provides a reasonable flow front prediction as compared to the experimental observations. A method to simulate the edge effects during the underfill process was also proposed, which gave a close flow front prediction in a chip assembly with full array solders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)695-700
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Components and Packaging Technologies
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Dec 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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