Polyolefins that bear a chiral side chain (typically an isobutyl group) experience a so-called macromolecular amplification of chirality: the chiral side-chain induces a slight preference for either tg or tg- main chain conformation. This slight conformational bias is amplified cooperatively along the chain, and results in preferred chirality of the main chain helical conformations. As a result, these polymers display a liquid-crystal (LC) phase both in solution and, in the melt as a transient phase on the way to crystallization. The existence of two processes (melt-LC and LC-crystal transitions) results in unconventional behaviors that were first analyzed by Pino and collaborators back in 1975. These polymers also offer a means to test the structural consequences of recently introduced crystallization schemes. These schemes postulate the formation of a transient liquid-crystal phase as a general scheme for polymer crystallization.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Chinese Journal of Polymer Science (English Edition)|
|Publication status||Published - 2005 Mar 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics