Objective: To investigate whether renal vasculitis is the sole cause or merely a contributing cause of renal inflammation in Kawasaki disease (KD). Study design: This prospective study in a university medical center in Taiwan enrolled 24 children with KD between June 2004 and November 2005. All patients underwent a technetium-99 m dimercaptosuccinic acid scintigraphy single-photon emission computed tomography scan, the results of which were used to group the patients with KD as with or without renal involvement. Urine samples underwent a cytokine analysis. Renal Doppler ultrasonography was used to evaluate renal vasculitis by measuring the pulsatility index (PI) and resistance index (RI). Results: Ten of the 24 patients (42%) with renal inflammatory foci were the study group; the remainder composed the control group. Urinary interleukin (IL)-6 levels were significantly higher in the study group (496.7 ± 310.9 vs 115.0 ± 65.9 ng/g urinary creatinine; P < .01), as were PI values (1.85 ± 0.70 vs 1.44 ± 0.53; P < .05). Urinary IL-6 levels and PI values were significantly (P < .05) correlated. Conclusions: Increased urinary IL-6 and elevated renal Doppler measures suggest that immune-mediated vasculitis is one of the mechanisms causing renal inflammation in KD.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health