In patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), incident cardiovascular (CV) events are associated with poor long-term outcomes. Serum high-sensitivity troponin I (hs-TnI) is widely used to diagnose and predict outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome, however, few studies have investigated the accuracy of urine hs-TnI as a predictor for incident CV events in patients with DM. The enrolled participants included patients with DM. Fresh urine hs-TnI levels were measured. Medical records of enrolled patients were used to determine the number of incident CV events prospectively for 3 months. The study cohort comprised 378 participants. We observed significantly higher levels of urine hs-TnI in those with than without subsequent incident CV events. The multivariate logistic regression analysis using different models consistently showed that urine hs-TnI > 4.10 pg/mL was an independent factor predictive of incident CV events. The ROC-AUC analysis revealed that the optimal cutoff value for urine hs-TnI for predicting incident CV events was 1.55 pg/mL and the area was 0.611 (p = 0.027). A single measurement of urinary hs-TnI, collected easily and non-invasively, may be an acceptable biomarker for predicting subsequent incident CV events in patients with DM.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Medicine