Uropathogenic Escherichia coli causes cortical tubular necrotic cell death and the release of macrophage migration inhibitory factor

Ming Yuan Hong, Chin Chung Tseng, Chia Chang Chuang, Chia Ling Chen, Yu Huei Lin, Chia Yuan Hsieh, Yu Tzu Chang, Chung Hsi Hsing, Kwang Yu Chang, Chiou Feng Lin

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Abstract

The macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), a pro-inflammatory cytokine, is deregulated in acute kidney injury (AKI) through an unknown mechanism. In the present study, we used a previously described mouse model of ascending urinary tract infection in which uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) were transurethrally inoculated to induce kidney infections. Here, we show that urinary MIF was upregulated during AKI while MIF was abundantly expressed in the renal cortical tubules and that UPEC infection caused a decrease in tubular MIF. Infections with UPEC in vitro caused MIF release in a cell type-dependent manner, which was independent of receptor-mediated internalization, signal transduction, and transcription. Indeed, UPEC infection-induced necrotic cell death in vitro and in vivo correlated with extracellular acidification and processed MIF secretion. These data suggest that MIF is released by necrotic renal cortical tubular cells during UPEC infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)945-952
Number of pages8
JournalCytokine
Volume61
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Mar 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Biochemistry
  • Hematology
  • Molecular Biology

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