Background: Residents in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are vulnerable to tuberculosis (TB) transmission; however, to delineate possible routes of TB transmission in LTCFs is difficult. This study aimed to address the use of regular genotyping surveillance to delineate TB transmission in LTCFs. Methods: All of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in the reported 620-bed LTCF between July 2011 and August 2015 were genotyped, and we retrospectively compared epidemiological data and genotyping results. Results: A total of 42 subjects were diagnosed with culture-positive pulmonary TB infection during the 4-year period. Their median age was 76.5 years, and 64.3% (27/42) of them were male. Genotyping identified 5 clustered TB infections involving 76.2% (32/42) of all TB subjects. In a multivariate logistic regression model adjusted for age, sex, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and body mass index, subjects with clustered TB infection were less likely to be Activities of Daily Living (ADL)-dependence (adjOR 0.073, 95% CI 0.007-0.758) when compared with subjects having individual TB infections. Prolonged surveillance is essential given that the median interval to diagnose secondary subjects was 673 days. Finally, only 63.0% (17/27) of the 27 secondary TB subjects in this study had contact history with index subject in the same ward. Conclusions: In conclusion, possible routes of TB transmission in a complex TB outbreak at LTCFs might be delineated by routine genotyping surveillance and regular health check-up.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Infectious Diseases