Using GIS to Understand Healthcare Access Variations in Flood Situation in Surabaya

Nurwatik Nurwatik, Jung Hong Hong, Lalu Muhamad Jaelani, Hepi Hapsari Handayani, Agung Budi Cahyono, Mohammad Rohmaneo Darminto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper proposes to identify the variation of accessibility to healthcare facilities based on vulnerability assessments of floods by using open source data. The open source data comprises Open Street Map (OSM), world population, and statistical data. The accessibility analysis is more focused on vulnerable populations that might be affected by floods. Therefore, a vulnerability assessment is conducted beforehand to identify the location where the vulnerable population is located. A before and after scenario of floods is applied to evaluate the changes of healthcare accessibility. A GIS Network Analyst is chosen as the accessibility analysis tool. The results indicate that the most vulnerable population lives in the Asemrowo district. The service area analysis showed that 94% of the West of Surabaya was well-serviced in the before scenario. Otherwise, the decrement of service area occurs at the city center in the after scenario. Thus, the disaster manager can understand which vulnerable area is to be more prioritized in the evacuation process.

Original languageEnglish
Article number235
JournalISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Apr

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Computers in Earth Sciences
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

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