Ciprofloxacin (CIP) adsorption on montmorillonite was investigated using structurally related probing compounds phenylpiperazine (PP) and fluorochloroquinolone carboxylic acid (FCQCA). Desorption of the equivalent amounts of exchangeable cations accompanying PP and CIP adsorption on montmorillonite suggested that cation exchange was the major adsorption mechanism for the CIP adsorption under acidic to neutral conditions, and the piperazine amine group was responsible for the cation exchange interaction. In contrast, the adsorption of CIP and FCQCA on montmorillonite indicated that hydrogen bonding between the keto carbonyl group and coordinated water in the interlayer of montmorillonite was mainly responsible for the CIP adsorption in alkaline aqueous solution as evidenced by Fourier transform infrared analyses. Xray diffraction analyses demonstrated that both cation exchange and hydrogen bonding between the keto carbonyl group and coordinated water lead to the intercalation of CIP in montmorillonite.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering