Getting lost (GL) behavior is among the early symptoms in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Only a few tests, however, have been developed to screen for this symptom. The aim of this study was to develop an instrument, the Route Map Recall Test (RMRT), for the screening of the GL problem in AD patients. We examined the psychometric properties of the RMRT and its clinical utility to predict the GL risk in 23 AD patients and 43 cognitively healthy older adults. The results showed that the RMRT has a sound reliability (test-retest, r = .752, p < .001; Cronbach's α = 0.887, p < .001). The convergent validity was supported by the high correlations with Trail Making Test A and B. With the optimal criteria (93.5/104), the discriminative validity for the diagnosis of AD showed good sensitivity (86%) and specificity (70%), and sensitivity (100%) and specificity (67%) for GL in AD patients. The findings support the RMRT to be a useful tool for clinical screening of AD patients and their GL risk.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
- Clinical Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health