In this study, wind tunnel experiments and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations were conducted to observe the channel airflow patterns and heat dissipation characteristics of dry storage casks for spent nuclear fuel. The parameter ranges were as follows: model scale = 1/10, Grashof number (Gr) = 1.0 × 1011, approaching wind angle (θ) = 0° or 45°, and Reynolds number (Re) = 2.6×104-8.0×105. The results show that a wind velocity = 3 m/s (Re = 8 × 104) is a critical condition for the channel airflow pattern inside the cask for cases in which θ = 0°. When θ = 45°, different wind velocities result in similar channel airflow patterns. As the wind velocity increases, the overall average surface temperature of the canister decreases, and the decrease lessens as the wind velocity increases.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering