Vertical single-crystal ZnO nanowires grown on ZnO:Ga/Glass templates

Cheng Liang Hsu, Shoou Jinn Chang, Hui Chuan Hung, Yan Ru Lin, Chorng Jye Huang, Yung Kuan Tseng, I. Cherng Chen

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52 Citations (Scopus)


Vertical single-crystal ZnO nanowires with uniform diameter and uniform length were selectively grown on ZnO:Ga/glass templates at 600°C by a self-catalyzed vapor-liquid-solid process without any metal catalyst. It was found that the ZnO nanowires are grown preferred oriented in the (002) direction with a small X-ray diffraction full-width half-maximum. Photoluminescence, field-emission scanning electron microscopy, and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy measurements also confirmed good crystal quality of our ZnO nanowires. Field emitters using these ZnO nanowires were also fabricated. It was found that threshold field of the fabricated field emitters was 14 V/μm. With an applied electric field of 24 V/μm, it was found that the emission current density was around 0.1 mA/cm 2

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)649-654
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Nov 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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    Hsu, C. L., Chang, S. J., Hung, H. C., Lin, Y. R., Huang, C. J., Tseng, Y. K., & Chen, I. C. (2005). Vertical single-crystal ZnO nanowires grown on ZnO:Ga/Glass templates. IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology, 4(6), 649-654.