Very rapid growth of aligned carbon nanotubes on metallic substrates

Fei Lung Lu, Jyh Ming Ting

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13 Citations (Scopus)


Aligned carbon nanotubes were grown on metallic substrates using a microwave plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition system. The substrates were Ni and Cu, and the catalyst was an Fe-Si alloy thin film. The effects of substrate and catalyst characteristics and growth temperature were studied. We show, via the use of a microwave shield, and with optimized catalyst thickness and growth temperature, that carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with a length of up to 2.15 mm and an unprecedently high growth rate of 177 μm min-1 can obtained. Non-isothermal growth was performed to investigate the growth kinetics and therefore to obtain the activation energies of CNTs grown on Ni and Cu. Very similar activation energies for the growth of CNTs on Ni and Cu substrates were determined to be 101.5 (1.05 eV) kJ mol-1 and 102.3 (1.06 eV) kJ mol-1, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2148-2153
Number of pages6
JournalActa Materialia
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Apr

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys


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