Visible electroluminescence from silicon nanocrystals embedded in amorphous silicon nitride matrix

Liang Yih Chen, Wen Hua Chen, Franklin Chau Nan Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

101 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Visible electroluminescence from silicon nanocrystals (Si-NCs) embedded in amorphous silicon nitride (a-Si Nx) films has been observed. The Si-NCa-Si Nx films were deposited by evaporating silicon from electron gun into the inductively coupled plasma of nitrogen. The density of Si-NCs in the a-Si Nx matrix was around 1012 cm-2. Strong room temperature photoluminescence was observed in 2.8 and 3.0 eV, different from literature values. The electroluminescence (EL) devices were fabricated with Si-NCsa-Si Nx film as the active layer using the Al or CaAg cathode and the indium tin oxide anode. Through tunneling, the electrons and holes were respectively injected from the cathode and anode into Si-NCs and confined within Si-NCs for light emission by the high band gap a-Si Nx matrix. For the device with CaAg cathode, the turn-on voltage was as low as 10 V and the EL efficiency was about 1.6× 10-1 CdA. The EL spectra consisted of two broad peaks centered around 2.5 and 2.8 eV. Our results demonstrate that Si-NCsa-Si Nx nanocomposite films have potentials to be fabricated into electroluminescence devices using the low work function cathode.

Original languageEnglish
Article number193506
Pages (from-to)1-3
Number of pages3
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume86
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 May 9

Fingerprint

silicon nitrides
electroluminescence
amorphous silicon
nanocrystals
cathodes
silicon
matrices
anodes
electron guns
indium oxides
tin oxides
light emission
nanocomposites
photoluminescence
nitrogen
electric potential
room temperature
electrons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Chen, Liang Yih ; Chen, Wen Hua ; Hong, Franklin Chau Nan. / Visible electroluminescence from silicon nanocrystals embedded in amorphous silicon nitride matrix. In: Applied Physics Letters. 2005 ; Vol. 86, No. 19. pp. 1-3.
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Visible electroluminescence from silicon nanocrystals embedded in amorphous silicon nitride matrix. / Chen, Liang Yih; Chen, Wen Hua; Hong, Franklin Chau Nan.

In: Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 86, No. 19, 193506, 09.05.2005, p. 1-3.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Visible electroluminescence from silicon nanocrystals (Si-NCs) embedded in amorphous silicon nitride (a-Si Nx) films has been observed. The Si-NCa-Si Nx films were deposited by evaporating silicon from electron gun into the inductively coupled plasma of nitrogen. The density of Si-NCs in the a-Si Nx matrix was around 1012 cm-2. Strong room temperature photoluminescence was observed in 2.8 and 3.0 eV, different from literature values. The electroluminescence (EL) devices were fabricated with Si-NCsa-Si Nx film as the active layer using the Al or CaAg cathode and the indium tin oxide anode. Through tunneling, the electrons and holes were respectively injected from the cathode and anode into Si-NCs and confined within Si-NCs for light emission by the high band gap a-Si Nx matrix. For the device with CaAg cathode, the turn-on voltage was as low as 10 V and the EL efficiency was about 1.6× 10-1 CdA. The EL spectra consisted of two broad peaks centered around 2.5 and 2.8 eV. Our results demonstrate that Si-NCsa-Si Nx nanocomposite films have potentials to be fabricated into electroluminescence devices using the low work function cathode.

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