Pronounced absorption in the visible-NIR range of 400-1300 nm is demonstrated in the Ag 2S nanoparticles (NPs)/ZnO nanowire (NW) array. ZnO NW arrays are grown on indium tin oxide substrates using chemical bath deposition. The Ag 2S NPs are sequentially formed on the ZnO NWs through sonochemical synthesis. Structural characterizations indicate the slight deconstruction of surface of ZnO NWs during Ag 2S NPs formation. By employing polysulfide electrolyte, short-circuit current (J sc), open-circuit voltage and therefore the efficiency of the Ag 2S NP-sensitized ZnO NW solar cell are improved with increasing the initial sulfur concentration in the sulfur-polysulfide electrolyte. The Ag 2S NP-sensitized ZnO NW solar cell shows a conversion efficiency of 0.49% with a superior J sc of ∼13.7 mA cm -2 under AM 1.5 illumination at 100 mW cm -2. Incident photon conversion efficiency measurements reveal that Ag 2S NPs contribute to 33.4% and 65.2% of J sc in the wavelength ranges of 400-700 nm and 700-1300 nm, respectively.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)