Visualization and dynamic evaluation model of corporate financial structure with self-organizing map and support vector regression

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19 Citations (Scopus)


Prediction of financial bankruptcy has been a focus of considerable attention among both practitioners and researchers. However, most research in this area has ignored the non-stationary nature of corporate financial structures. Specifically, financial structures do not always present consistent statistical tests at each point of time, resulting in dynamic relationships between financial structures and their predictors. This characteristic of financial bankruptcy presents a significant challenge for any single artificial prediction technique. Therefore, this paper will propose a multi-phased and dynamic evaluation model of the corporate financial structure integrating both the self-organizing map (SOM) and support vector regression (SVR) techniques. In the 1st phase, the inputs to the SOM are financial indicators derived from listed companies' public financial statements adopting the principle component analysis (PCA) to extract useful indicators with a strong influence that each year determines the company's position on the SOM. In addition, we used the SOM to visualize and cluster each corporate in the 2D map. We also investigated each cluster and classified them into healthy and bankrupt-prone ones based on their regions in visualizing the 2D map. In the 2nd phase, we drew the trajectory for the healthy and the bankrupt-prone companies for consecutive years in a 2D map. Therefore, several visualized and dynamic patterns of corporate behavior could be recognized. In the 3rd phase, we used the SVR method to forecast the future trend for corporate financial structure. In addition, this research also compared the hybrid SOM-SVR architecture with single SOM, SVR, and Learning Vector Quantization (LVQ) algorithms. The results showed that the proposed methodology outperformed the other methods in both prediction accuracy and ease of use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2274-2288
Number of pages15
JournalApplied Soft Computing Journal
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Aug

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software

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