Voice onset time of initial stops in Mandarin and Hakka: Effect of gender

Jui Feng Peng, Li-Mei Chen, Chia Cheng Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


This paper examines the influence of gender upon voice onset time (VOT). VOT values of word-initial stops /p, t, k, ph, th, kh/ followed by three vowels /i, u, a/ in both Mandarin and Hakka revealed that male speakers produced longer VOTs in unaspirated stops than their female counterparts, but women produced longer VOTs in aspirated stops than male counterparts. In addition, VOT distinction in unaspirated and aspirated stops was greater in female speakers than in male speakers in both languages, perhaps because women tend to have a more careful manner of speech than men (Byrd 1992, 1994; Whiteside 1996). Gender has a statistically significant influence on VOTs in both Mandarin and Hakka. It is thus suggested that VOT data from different genders should be analyzed separately.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-79
Number of pages17
JournalTaiwan Journal of Linguistics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Mar 13

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

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