Voltammetric study and electrodeposition of tellurium, lead, and lead telluride in room-temperature ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate

Ren Wei Tsai, Yi Ting Hsieh, Po Yu Chen, I. Wen Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Room-temperature ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate (RTIL EMI-BF4) was used as the electrolyte to study the voltammetric behavior of Te(IV), Pb(II), and their mixtures. Te(IV) and Pb(II) were introduced into the IL by the addition of TeCl4 and PbCl2, respectively, with sufficient 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (EMIC). The electrodeposition of Te, Pb, and PbTe was achieved under constant applied potential at nickel electrodes. The nucleation mechanisms of Te and Pb were determined to be three-dimensional instantaneous nucleation with diffusion-controlled growth. Crystalline stoichiometric PbTe electrodeposits were obtained via Pb under-potential deposition at the continuously growing surface of Te. They exhibited an energy bandgap of 0.22 eV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-56
Number of pages8
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume137
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug 10

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry

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