Waste-derived biochar for CO2 sequestration

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Abstract

Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions caused by the extensive energy consumption have been regarded as one of main cause of global warming. Therefore, it is crucial to develop efficient and cost-effective technologies for CO2 capture. Various separation processes are now under R&D developments. Among them, CO2 adsorption has been proposed to be the most efficient technology in separating CO2 from flue gas. However, how to cut down the cost in the process of CO2 adsorption should be a key issue if the large-scale applications are carried out. In this chapter, low-cost biochars from waste valorization are investigated in terms of adsorbent synthesis, modification methods, CO2 adsorption capacities, reusability, and selectivity. The cheap resources of wastes include unburned carbons in fly ash, agricultural wastes (bagasses, olive stone, almond shells, coffee grounds, and so on), organic sludges, plastic wastes, and wood wastes. In order to increase the CO2 adsorption performance, further surface modifications (amine functionalization, metal doping, amoxidation, KOH activation) have also been made onto the waste-derived biochars after the carbonization process. These biochars with unique properties were proposed for the CO2 capture at low temperatures (25-75°C) and high temperatures (75-150°C). The abundant waste-derived biochars used as CO2 adsorbents are not only cost-effective but also lessened the environmental concerns (landfills burden and CO2 emissions).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBiochar from Biomass and Waste
Subtitle of host publicationFundamentals and Applications
PublisherElsevier
Pages295-304
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780128117293
ISBN (Print)9780128117309
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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    Liu, S. H. (2018). Waste-derived biochar for CO2 sequestration. In Biochar from Biomass and Waste: Fundamentals and Applications (pp. 295-304). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-811729-3.00016-9