Water depth variation influence on the mooring line design for fowt within shallow water region

Wei Hua Huang, Ray Yeng Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The objective of this paper was to present the modeling and optimization of mooring lines for floating offshore wind turbines (FOWT) located in various water depths from 50 m to 100 m in Taiwan western offshore areas. A semi-submersible floating wind turbine system is considered based on Offshore Code Comparison Collaborative Continuation (OC4) DeepCwind platform with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) offshore 5-MW baseline wind turbine. The mooring lines proposed consist of a catenary mooring with studless chains. Three nominal sizes of the mooring chain links are taken into account with diameters of 95 mm, 115 mm and 135 mm. According to this configuration, a total of five mooring designs for different water depths (i.e., 50 m, 60 m, 70 m, 80 m, 100 m) are analyzed according to the rules and regulations of the two certification institutions, Det Norske Veritas (DNV) and American Petroleum Institute (API). Considering ultimate limit state (ULS), fatigue limit state (FLS) and maximum operating sea state (MOSS) based on a typhoon with a 50-year return period and current with a 10-year return period, 25-year design life, as well as 1-year return period, respectively, long-term predictions of breaking strength, fatigue and stability are performed. The software OrcaFlex version 10.3 d is used to simulate and design the mooring lines. The obtained results show that the shallow mooring design of 50 m water depth case presents the heaviest chains among the other water depths, increasing their mooring costs. On the other hand, the 100 m water design has much longer mooring lines, making this parameter the cost driving one. Thus, the minimum mooring cost range is from 60 m to 80 m water depth.

Original languageEnglish
Article number409
JournalJournal of Marine Science and Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Apr

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ocean Engineering

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