Water electrolysis for H2 production using a novel bipolar membrane in low salt concentration

Sheng De Li, Cheng Chien Wang, Chuh Yung Chen

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11 Citations (Scopus)


The use of bipolar membranes (BMs), modified by plasma-induced polymerization, as diaphragms for H2 production from water electrolysis, is discussed in this paper. The performance is demonstrated by measuring the cell voltage and rate of hydrogen production for cells operated with or without the BMs, as a function of current densities. The results of the electrochemical properties of the BMs show that the polyvinylidene fluoride-grafted 2-methacrylic acid 3-(bis-carboxymethylamino)-2-hydroxyl-propyl ester (PVDF-grafted-GMA-IDA) BM has great potential for water electrolysis in 0.1 M KCl. As a result of characterization of the steady-state E-I curves, cell voltage reductions of up to 500 and 300 mV by using the PVDF-grafted-GMA-IDA and polyethersulfone-grafted-GMA-IDA (PES-grafted-GMA-IDA) BMs, respectively, are observed at 250 mA/cm2 in 0.1 M KCl, compared to the water system. The efficiency of H2 production, by using the BMs grafted onto the GMA-IDA monomer as diaphragms is enhanced about 10-20% compared with the water system. In addition, the energy saved by using the GMA-IDA grafted BMs is decreased by around 10-40% at certain values of current densities. Crown

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)334-340
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Mar 2

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation


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