Water Solubility Enhancements of DDT and Trichlorobenzene by Some Surfactants Below and Above the Critical Micelle Concentration

Daniel E. Kile, Cary T. Chiou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

443 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Water solubility enhancements of 1,1-bis(p-chloro-phenyl)-2,2,2-trichloroethane (DDT) and 1,2,3-trichloro-benzene (TCB) by aqueous surfactants below and above their critical micelle concentrations (CMCs) have been studied at room temperature with the following surfactants: Triton X-100, Triton X-114, Triton X-405, Brij 35, sodium dodecyl sulfate, and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide. While the solubilities of DDT and TCB are greatly enhanced by all surfactants above the measured CMC, DDT also exhibits significant solubility enhancements below the CMC of the molecularly nonhomogeneous surfactants (the Triton series and Brij 35). The plot of the apparent DDT solubility against the concentration of Triton and Brij surfactants shows an uprising curve below the nominal CMC, which is attributed to the successive micellization of the heterogeneous monomer species. Above the CMC, the enhancement effect with the nonionic surfactants is closely proportional to the nonpolar chain content of the surfactant, whereas the effect with the ionic surfactants is less accountable in terms of their nonpolar chain contents. The solubilization power of a micelle relative to a bulk solvent is evaluated by a comparison of the observed micelle-water and solvent-water partition coefficients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)832-838
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume23
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1989 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

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