A new fuzzy filter for the removal of heavy additive impulse noise, called the weighted fuzzy mean (WFM) filter, is proposed and analyzed in this paper. The WFM-filtered output signal is the mean value of the corrupted signals in a sample matrix, and these signals are weighted by a membership grade of an associated fuzzy set stored in a knowledge base. The knowledge base contains a number of fuzzy sets decided by experts or derived from the histogram of a reference image. When noise probability exceeds 0.3, WFM gives very superior performance compared with conventional filters when evaluated by mean absolute error (MAE), mean square error (MSE), peak signal-to-noise-rate (PSNR) and subjective evaluation criteria. For dedicated hardware implementation, WFM is also much simpler than the conventional median filter.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Artificial Intelligence