Women's rights in democratic transitions: A global sequence analysis, 1900–2012

Yi Ting Wang, Patrik Lindenfors, Aksel SundstrÖm, Fredrik Jansson, Pamela Paxton, Staffan I. Lindberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


What determines countries’ successful transition to democracy? This article explores the impact of granting civil rights in authoritarian regimes and especially the gendered aspect of this process. It argues that both men's and women's liberal rights are essential conditions for democratisation to take place: providing both women and men rights reduces an inequality that affects half of the population, thus increasing the costs of repression and enabling the formation of women's organising – historically important to spark protests in initial phases of democratisation. This argument is tested empirically using data that cover 173 countries over the years 1900–2012 and contain more nuanced measures than commonly used. Through novel sequence analysis methods, the results suggest that in order to gain electoral democracy a country first needs to furnish civil liberties to both women and men.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)735-756
Number of pages22
JournalEuropean Journal of Political Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sociology and Political Science


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