Working retirees in Taiwan: examining determinants of different working status after retirement

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This study aims to investigate the factors influencing the work status of retirees after retirement, especially focusing on self-employment and unpaid work. Data was taken and analyzed from the “Taiwan Health and Retirement Study,” a nationally representative sample of retired personnel aged 50–74 in 2015–2016. Four types of work status were classified after retirement: Fully retired, Paid work, Self-employment, and Unpaid work. Multinomial regression analysis was used to explore the factors related to participation in paid, self-employed, and unpaid work. Results show that pre-retirement occupation was significantly associated with paid work after retirement. For example, retirees in Taiwan who were employed by private enterprises or self-employed before retirement were more likely to engage in paid work after retirement than civil servants before retirement. Two other factors, namely pre-retirement job stress and work flexibility, prolong the careers of retired workers, especially in self-employment and unpaid work after retirement. Gender also significantly affects the choice of work after retirement. These findings can be used as a reference for future policies on the aging labor force.

Original languageEnglish
Article number224
JournalBMC geriatrics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Dec

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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