Worst-Case GPS Scintillations on the Ground Estimated from Radio Occultation Observations of FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC During 2007–2014

J. Y. Liu, Shih-Ping Chen, W. H. Yeh, H. F. Tsai, Rajesh P.k.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC (F3/C) satellite probes the S4 scintillation index profile of GPS signals by using the radio occultation (RO) technique. In this study, for practical use on the Earth’s surface, a method is developed to convert and integrate the probed RO S4 index, so obtaining the scintillation on the ground. To estimate the worst case, the maximum value on each profile probed by F3/C, which is termed S4max, is isolated. The isolated data are further used to construct the global three-dimensional distributions of S4max for various local times, seasons, solar activities, and locations. The converted S4max for the first time estimates the global distribution of ionospheric scintillations in the GPS L1 band C/A code signal on the ground. The results show that the worst-case scintillations appear within the low-latitude region of ±30°N, peaking around ±20°N magnetic latitude; they begin at 1900 MLT, reach their maximum at 2100 MLT, and vanish by about 0200–0300 MLT. The most pronounced low-latitude scintillation occurs over the South American and African sectors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)791-809
Number of pages19
JournalSurveys in Geophysics
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jul 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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