Transparent conductive ZnO/Ag/ZnO multilayer electrodes having much lower electrical resistance than the widely used transparent electrodes were prepared by simultaneous RF magnetron sputtering of ZnO and DC magnetron sputtering of Ag. An Ag film with different thickness was used as intermediate metallic layers. The optimum thickness of Ag thin films was determined to be 6 nm for high optical transmittance and good electrical conductivity. With about 20-25 nm thick ZnO films, the multilayer showed high optical transmittance in the visible range of the spectrum and had color neutrality. The electrical and optical properties of the multilayers were changed mainly by Ag film properties. A high quality transparent electrode, having sheet resistance as low as 3 ohm/sq and high transmittance of 90% at 580 nm, was obtained and could be reproduced by controlling the preparation parameter properly. The above property is suitable as transparent electrode for dye sensitized solar cells (DSSC).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films